Swarnachari And Baluchari – Heritage Of Bengal. The Sournachari And Baluchari silk saree has always been associated with the Bengali nobility. Historically, the Baluchari dates back to two centuries ago during the reign of Nawab Mushidquali Khan who was the Nawab of Bengal in the 18th century and a great support of art and craftsmanship. However, during the time of British occupation in India, the British felt threatened from the unique handicrafts of Bengal and hence, they forced the artisans to give up and switch their craft, due to which the handloom weavers suffered a lot of loss with the craft being risked to getting ruined. However, the craft of Baluchari or Swarnachari weaving was revived by Subho Thakur who inspired master weaver Akshay Kumar Das to master the craft and bring it back to life.
Swarnachari And Baluchari is an ancient weaving craft that has been around since the time of the Mallas. Mallas made Bishnupur their capital. The Mallas were great patrons of handicraft, art, and culture. Therefore this gave birth to the Baluchari and Swarnachari which are two distinctive varieties of sarees from this Bengali region. Sarees are synonymous to aristocracy and high status in Bengal.
The Swarnachari And Baluchari Silk saree has thread incorporated in the weave which gives its characteristic rich sheen. Baluchari Sarees are decorated with Resham threads, whereas Swarnachari sarees are weaved with Golden or Silver zari. The sarees are usually made of Pure silk. It features intricate designs, making it a popular choice among brides and fashionistas. These are obviously traditional and represent our culture but they are subject to change and have evolved significantly. Despite this difference, both are similar in weaving, design and conception.